What Is Acid Rain? Its Causes And Effects

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Acid rain

Acid rain, as the name implies, is the normal precipitation of acid in the form of rain. When atmospheric pollutants such as nitrogen and sulfur react with rainwater and rainfall, acid rain occurs.

Uneven levels of sulfur and nitrogen released by vehicles and construction processes cause acid rain with high acid droplets due to air emissions. This concept is often referred to as acid rain because it contains a wide variety of acidic sediments.

Acid deposition is done in two ways: wet and dry. A liquid deposition is any form of precipitation that removes acids from the atmosphere and deposits them on the Earth’s surface.

Causes of Acid Rain:

Acid rain is caused by sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide that is released by smokestacks and cars. It causes a lot of damage to water and other living things. Acid rain only occurs in industrial places. Today there are a lot of solutions to help reduce the amount of acid rain.

The causes of acid rain are the sulfur and nitrogen particles that mix with the wet parts of the rain. Sulfur and nitrogen particles that combine in water occur in humans in two ways, namely nitrogen and sulfur ions are emitted by industries or by natural causes such as lightning in the atmosphere. Volcanic eruptions.

Effects of Acid Rain:

  1. Removes all the nutrients needed for plant growth and survival.
  2. Acid rain affects agriculture by changing the composition of the soil.
  3. Causes respiratory problems in animals and humans.
  4. When the acid rains and flows into rivers and lakes, it affects the aquatic ecosystem.
  5. It changes the chemical composition of water, which affects the survival of the aquatic ecosystem and causes water pollution.
  6. Acid rain can also corrode water pipes, causing heavy metals such as iron, lead, and copper to leak into drinking water.
  7. Damage to stone and metal buildings and monuments.

Frequently Asked Questions – FAQs

Q1: What is acid rain and how is it produced?

Ans: Acid rain is caused by a chemical reaction when compounds such as sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides are released into the air. These substances thrive mainly in the atmosphere, where they combine with water, oxygen, and other chemicals to form more acidic pollutants called acid rain.

Q2: What are the effects of acid rain?

Ans: The environmental effects of acid rain are most pronounced in marine habitats such as streams, lakes, and wetlands, where fish and other wildlife are poisonous. Aluminum is washed away by clay particles in the ground when acid rainwater flows through the ground and flows into streams and lakes.

Q3: What will happen if we do not stop the acid rain?

Ans: Sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide are the main chemicals in acid rain. It also affects humans because the acid enters fruits, vegetables, and animals. In other words, if the acid rain does not stop and we eat it, we will get very sick. In general, acid rain affects humans, but not directly.

Q4: What is acid rain? What are its harmful effects?

Ans: Acid rain has a detrimental effect on trees, freshwater, and soils, destroying insects and aquatic life, peeling off paints, destroying metal structures such as bridges, and destroying stone buildings and sculptures. In addition to affecting human health.

Q5: What are the three ways to reduce acid rain?

Ans: Alternative energy sources such as solar and wind energy should be used. Renewable energy sources help reduce acid rain because they produce much fewer emissions. There are other energy sources such as nuclear energy, hydroelectric energy, and geothermal energy. Of these, the most common use is a nuclear power and hydroelectric power.

Also Read: Titaalik Foosils

Forms of acid deposition

Wet deposition:

We generally consider wet deposition as acid rain. Sulfur and nitric acids formed in the atmosphere fall to the ground with rain, snow, ice, or hail.

Dry deposit:

Cells and acid gases are also deposited from the atmosphere when there is no moisture like a dry deposit. Cells and acid gases are rapidly deposited on surfaces (water systems, vegetation, buildings) or react during transport to the atmosphere to form large particles harmful to human health. When the acids that accumulate from the next rain are washed away from the surface, this acidic water sinks to the ground and damages plants and wildlife, such as insects and fish.

The acidity of the atmosphere deposited on the land with dry deposition depends on the amount of rainfall that an area receives. For example, in desert areas, the ratio of dry to wet deposition is greater than the area that receives several inches of rain each year.

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