The term “pollution” refers to any substance that adversely affects the environment or organisms living in the effected environment. The types of pollution are air pollution, water pollution, soil pollution, and noise pollution.
The contaminants can be natural, such as volcanic ash. They can also be produced by human activities, such as waste or wastewater from factories.
Pollution refers to the contamination of the environment by chemicals and particulate matter. Or biological materials that cause harm to humans, animals, and other living organisms.
Effects of pollution include epidemics, global warming and climate change, drought, smog, acid rain, toxic waste, loss of biodiversity, and global dimming. The manifestations and severity of the effects of pollution depend on the type of pollutant, the amount of pollutant emitted, and the sensitivity of the location or population to which the pollutant is released.
With the growing population, increased industrialization, and the increased burden on natural resources. We are facing a serious problem of pollution. The air, soil, water, and food all are getting polluted. Pollution can lead to many diseases and health hazards including skin diseases, and respiratory conditions. Kidney diseases, heart diseases, lung cancer, allergies, and asthma.
So any pollution is not good. Along with the pollution. The natural beauty of our environment is also getting spoiled. We must be conscious of this pollution and its effects and try to take care of the environment. If not, the future generation will face irrecoverable loss.
Types of Pollution:
The air we breathe has a very specific chemical composition. It consists of 99% nitrogen, oxygen, water vapor, and inert gases. Air pollution occurs when elements that are not normally present are added to the air. A common form of air pollution occurs when people release particles into the air by burning fuel. This pollution is like soot, containing millions of tiny particles floating in the air.
Another common type of air pollution is harmful gases such as sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, and chemical smog. Once they enter the atmosphere, they can engage in other chemical reactions that produce acid rain and smog. Other sources of air pollution can come from buildings, such as secondhand smoke.
The main source of air pollution is the burning of fossil fuels, which causes an excess of carbon monoxide in the atmosphere. Vehicles often cause this type of pollution, in addition to burning coal. Burning fossil fuels produces a substance commonly called smog, which is a dense layer of cloudy carbon monoxide-based material. Air pollution is a factor in asthma, lung cancer, chronic bronchitis, and many other lung diseases.
Finally, air pollution can take the form of greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide or sulfur dioxide, which warm the planet through the greenhouse effect. According to the EPA, the greenhouse effect occurs when gases absorb infrared radiation emitted by the Earth, preventing heat from escaping. It is a natural process that keeps our atmosphere warm. However, if too much gas is introduced into the atmosphere, it traps more heat, making the planet artificially hot, according to Columbia University.
Although people cannot see or hear the noise, it still affects the environment. Noise pollution occurs when noise from aircraft, industry or other sources reaches harmful levels. Research has shown a direct link between noise and health, including stress-related illnesses, hypertension, speech disorders, and hearing loss.
For example, a study by the World Health Organization’s Environmental Noise Disease Task Force found that noise pollution is responsible for hundreds of thousands of deaths each year, increasing the incidence of coronary heart disease. Under the Clean Air Act, the EPA can regulate engine and aircraft noise.
Noise pollution from ships has been shown to disrupt whale navigation systems and kill other species that depend on the natural underwater world. The noise also makes wildlife hum louder, shortening their lifespan.
Soil can be contaminated due to improper disposal of chemicals or toxins. This often occurs near large fields where crops are abused with herbicides or pesticides. Infected sites often turn into arid deserts with toxic soil. These sites are often abandoned and unusable, leaving large areas of land lost.
Also Read: Acid Rain And Its Effects